TEHRAN – There are 1,300 animal species in the country, of which 130 are endangered and threatened, said Hassan Akbari, deputy head of natural environment and biodiversity at the Department of the Environment (DOE).
Asiatic cheetahs, the great bustard, the Siberian crane, the Persian evening primrose and some reptiles and amphibians are among the endangered and threatened species, he said.
Extensive smuggling and habitat destruction are the main threats to the species, and promoting a culture of environmental benevolence and strengthening social participation is one of the most important and most important strategies. more effective in protecting the environment, he explained.
The availability of large quantities of weapons and ammunition for poachers is another risk factor for wildlife populations, Akbari added.
The Asian cheetahs, the great bustard, the Siberian crane, the Persian evening primrose are among the endangered species of Iran.“Four types of areas, numbering 309, have been designated for preservation and protection, including national parks, wildlife refuges, protected areas and natural national monuments. Currently, the monitored areas have reached about 18.5 million hectares.
The strategy and priority of the DOE is to protect endangered species through the preservation of natural habitats, but in some cases it is necessary to continue the reproduction of species in captivity or by movement of species, ”he noted. .
Some species of reptiles and amphibians have disappeared due to the lack of sufficient information on this species, he further lamented, IRNA reported on Saturday.
“Many articles have been published on the country’s biodiversity, which is dispersed, and attempts are being made to compile and exploit this research by creating a database.
Thus, a database has been launched in the field of environmental research in order to improve the quality of nature protection, ”he also declared.
Protection of biological diversity
Iran has a great diversity of species due to the geographical conditions, climatic diversity, enormous water resources of the Caspian Sea to the north and the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian Sea to the south.
According to the latest studies, around 1,300 species of vertebrates, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and aquatic fish, around 30,000 species of invertebrates and 8,000 species of plants have been identified in the country.
Unfortunately, over the past two decades, human activities have led to an alarming degradation of ecosystems, the suppression of genes, species and biological capacities; Human threats to biodiversity have accelerated the most over the past 50 years in the history of human life.
According to the United Nations, three-quarters of the terrestrial environment and about 66 percent of the marine environment have been altered by human activities, and the latest report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services ( IPBES) indicates that more than a million animal and plant species are in danger of extinction.
Therefore, any planning and action in the direction of an optimal and reasoned management of the protection of biodiversity in the country, the interaction and continuous cooperation of the responsible bodies, and benefiting from international opportunities and their financial and professional resources can play a very important and key role in maintaining biological diversity and sustainable development.
We hope that with the joint determination of officials and decision-makers, the people, media and environmental activists will preserve and protect this precious asset for future generations.
FB / MG