Tribune press service
Jhajjar, November 30
No less than 32 rare species of angiosperm plants found in the Matanhel forest area are on the verge of extinction, posing a serious threat to biodiversity, reveals an investigative report prepared by a team of scientists led by Dr. Saurabh Panday from the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, recently. The plants are used as medicines for the treatment of cancer, respiratory and heart disease, ulcers, infections of the liver and kidneys. The report will soon be submitted to the state government for further measures to protect these plants.
Overexploitation of natural resources
Overexploitation of natural resources, urbanization, habitat loss, extreme hunting, pollution and climate change are the main reasons pushing these 32 rare plants on the brink of extinction. Dr Saurabh Panday, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
3 species of butterflies could be wiped out
Three important species of butterflies – blue argus, danaus chrysippus and polluting butterfly – are also close to extinction due to the destruction of their milkweed habitats, urbanization, the use of insecticides and climate change. Dr Kavita Saini, entomologist and member of the investigation team
“Overexploitation of natural resources, urbanization, habitat loss, extreme hunting, pollution and climate change are the main reasons that have pushed these 32 rare plants to the brink of extinction. These plants include indigofera cordifolia, physalis angulata, senna occidentalis, senegalia catechu, Tinospora cordifolia and Sida Cordifolia, etc. Said Dr Panday, who is also the former Principal Investigator at the International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in New Delhi.
He preserved the leaves, stems, roots, seeds and bark of all these 32 species belonging to 21 families used for medical purposes since ancient times. It was urgent to take vital measures for their protection as well as to deal with climate change that was not good for the ecosystem and biodiversity, he added.
Dr Kavita Saini, entomologist and prominent member of the investigation team said: “The threat to biodiversity affects not only flora and fauna, but also environmental conditions. Butterflies are considered a bioindicator of the ecosystem, but our survey found that three important butterfly species – argus blue, danaus chrysippus and papillo pollue – are also close to extinction due to destruction of their habitats. milkweed as urbanization, insecticide use and climate change. “