A green path to biodiversity


Giant panda habitat in Xiling snow mountain in Sichuan province. [Photo by Zhou Mengqi/For China Daily]

On October 12, speaking to the Leaders’ Summit of the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, or COP 15, via video link, President Xi Jinping announced that China had officially designated its first group of national parks. , including Three-River-Source National Park, Giant Panda National Park, and Northeast China’s Tiger and Leopard National Park. The protected area of ​​the five national parks is approximately 230,000 square kilometers, covering almost 30 percent of the major national protected wildlife species on earth.

In a bid to improve biodiversity conservation, China unveiled a directive in October that includes sweeping measures, pledging to protect 77% of key national wildlife by 2025 using technology. peak. China also aims to see its forest cover rate increase to 24.1 percent and place 55 percent of its wetlands under protection by 2025. Forest cover will increase to 26 percent by 2030, the date of the year. which approximately 60 percent of wetlands will be protected.

In Trois-Rivières National Park, the Tongtian River, which flows through Zhiduo County in Qinghai Province, forms a straw hat-shaped bend. The river is the main stream at the source of the Yangtze River with an average elevation of 4,300 meters. [Photo by Chen Jie/For China Daily]

The directive underlined the importance of the work to protect biodiversity. In its efforts to meet the challenges, China will expand its national parks, increase its forest areas, and protect more wetlands and natural coasts. China will make 18 percent of its land area natural protected areas using a system supported mainly by national parks by 2025. According to the National Forest and Grassland Administration, the rate of forest cover in the country stood at about 23 percent at the end of last year, up from just 8.6 percent in 1949. About 52 percent of the country’s wetlands are conserved.


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