TEHRAN – The 2022 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) ranked Iran 133rd out of 180 countries for climate change performance, environmental health and ecosystem vitality.
The IPE provides a data-based summary of the state of sustainability around the world. Using 40 performance indicators across 11 issue categories, the EPI ranks 180 countries nationally based on how close they are to established environmental policy goals.
The EPI offers a scorecard that highlights leaders and laggards in environmental performance and provides practical guidance for countries aspiring to move towards a sustainable future. The PPE’s global rankings show which countries best address the environmental challenges each nation faces.
In the 2020 IPS, Iran’s ranking was in a better position, but due to changes in indicators and calculation methods, these two versions are not comparable.
The PPE’s global rankings show which countries best address the environmental challenges each nation faces. Indicators that had a significant negative 10-year trend include Path Loss Index (-39.60), CO Emission Index (-20.80), and Greenhouse Gas Intensity. greenhouse (-24.40), and the indicators with the best performance trend related to black carbon growth rate (63), nitrogen dioxide growth rate (87.30) in the climate policy category, the growth rate of NOx (55), the growth rate of sulfur dioxide (40.70), the acidification of the sea (47.90) and the state of fish stocks (20.60) in the ecosystem vitality class.
Iran’s environmental approach
Iran has a high diversity of species due to geographical conditions, climatic diversity, huge water resources from the Caspian Sea in the north and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea in the south.
Inger Andersen, executive director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), praised Iran’s approach to environmental protection.
Environmental measures and protection of natural resources, waste management and other measures show Iran’s environmental approach, she added.
According to the latest studies, about 1,300 species of vertebrates including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and aquatic fishes, about 30,000 species of invertebrates and 8,000 species of plants have been identified in the country.
Unfortunately, over the past two decades, human activities have led to an alarming degradation of ecosystems, the suppression of genes, species and biological capacities; Human threats to biodiversity have accelerated the most over the past 50 years in the entire history of human life.
Of 1,300 animal species in the country, 130 of which are endangered and threatened, Hassan Akbari, deputy head of natural environment and biodiversity at the Ministry of Environment, said in December 2021.