More than 100 species of vertebrates threatened with extinction

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TEHRAN – A recently updated list of threatened vertebrate species showed that 100 species are threatened with extinction, the IRIB reported on Monday.

The Department of the Environment (DOE) updated and published the list of threatened and protected vertebrates after about 20 years.

According to this list, more than 100 species of vertebrates are in danger of extinction and more than 160 species are on the list of supported and protected vertebrates.

According to the IUCN, at least 40% of animals, insects and plants are threatened with extinction in the world.Considering the different threat status of some wildlife species in our country with the IUCN Red List, the list has been revised with the efforts of the National Museum of Natural History and Genetic Resources and the Office of Conservation and wildlife management, based on criteria such as threat factors, population status, limited distribution and endemicity, smuggling status, etc.

Regarding aquatic animals and crustaceans, the prior approval of the organization is still in place and will be notified and informed in the event of changes, also the list of threatened invertebrates is undergoing final revision.

According to the IUCN, at least 40% of animals, insects and plants are threatened with extinction in the world.

Currently, more than 41% of amphibians, 26% of mammals, 21% of reptiles and 13% of birds are threatened. According to the latest statistics, the number of endangered species in the country is 75 species of vertebrates (18 species of mammals, 29 species of birds, 4 species of amphibians and 16 species of reptiles) on the red list of the IUCN.

Iranian vertebrates are counted as 198 species of mammals, 559 species of birds, 242 species of reptiles and 25 species of amphibians (1023 species in total); 274 fish species approved for inland waters and 975 marine fish species (sharks and aquatic fish) have been registered in the country, but this list is subject to change due to genetic and field studies.

According to the latest studies, about 1,300 species of vertebrates including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and aquatic fish, about 30,000 species of invertebrates and 8,000 species of plants have been identified in the country.

Unfortunately, over the past two decades, human activities have led to an alarming degradation of ecosystems, the suppression of genes, species and biological capacities; Human threats to biodiversity have accelerated the most over the past 50 years in the entire history of human life.

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