Top 10 Extinct Animals (2022)

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Top 10 extinct animals: Natural events such as warming or cooling of the climate or changes in sea level can cause the extinction of animals. But in more recent times, human activity has been the culprit.



The primary causes of contemporary extinctions, along with pollution, the introduction of alien species, and overfishing or overhunting, are habitat destruction as agricultural land expands and forests are cleared. But there is growing acceptance that extinctions are caused by climate change.

Based on the estimate that between 200 and 2,000 species disappear each year, between 0.01 and 0.1% of all species will disappear each year.

However, UN experts have recently discovered that, according to the Convention on Biological Diversity, up to 150 species could disappear every day. This can represent 10% of the species every ten years.

According to a recent estimate by scientists, there are about 8.7 million species on Earth. One to two million of these species are thought to be animal species. However, we’ve probably only covered about a fifth of everything that’s been around since humans discovered and documented new species.

The following list includes 10 incredible extinct animals. Keep reading to find out what happened.



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Top 10 extinct animals

Ranking Animals Year of extinction
1 Plesiosaur Cretaceous (66 million years ago)
2 woolly mammoth 1650 BC
3 saber tooth cat 8000 BC
4 The Dodo 1662
5 Stellers sea cow 1768
6 great penguin 1844
seven Quagga 1883
8 homing pigeon 1914
9 tasmanian tiger 1936
ten Dolphin Baiji 2006

1. Plesiosaur

Without the mysterious Plesiosaur, a huge aquatic reptile that roamed the waters of the world throughout the Jurassic and Cretaceous, the list of the top 10 extinct animals wouldn’t be complete.

Plesiosaurs come in all varieties, but those with the longest necks and smallest heads are the best known. The majority of these animals were incredibly large, sometimes reaching a whopping 65 feet in length.

The Loch Ness Monster, a legendary creature that some say resides in the waters of Loch Ness in Scotland, is a subject of intense belief among many people. In fact, some people believe that the existence of the Loch Ness Monster is evidence of a plesiosaur still alive today.



However, plesiosaurs are thought to have died out around the end of the Cretaceous, around 65 million years ago, according to the fossil record. And despite the fact that the two groups existed and died at the same time, they were not dinosaurs, contrary to popular belief.

2. Woolly Mammoth-1650 BC.

woolly mammoth

Another extinct animal in the world is the woolly mammoth, this enormous hairy creature with long ivory tusks sticking out of its gigantic trunk-like nose, must be the creature best associated with the Ice Age.

Several species of mammoth, including the woolly mammoth, the oldest of which were probably tiny aquatic mammals that lived in North Africa until about three million years ago.

One of the less important mammoth species, the woolly mammoth, crossed the Bering land bridge to North America in the late Pleistocene, and its offspring then distributed throughout Eurasia.



Unfortunately, this mysterious monster didn’t last very long in the New World. About ten thousand years ago, towards the end of the previous ice age, the last woolly mammoths perished.

3. Saber-toothed cat – 8000 BC.

Top 10 Extinct Animals - Saber Tooth Cat

On the list of the 10 most extinct animals, the saber-toothed cat became extinct in the year 8000 BC. They existed from around 55 million to 11,700 years ago and were often nicknamed Sabertooth Tigers or Sabertooth Lions.

Carnivorous saber-toothed cats get their name from their long blade-like canines, which can reach 50 cm in some species. They had a very bear-like build and were considered superb hunters, taking down prey like sloths and mammoths.

These cats had jaws that could extend at an angle of 120 degrees, which is almost twice as wide as a lion today! It is thought that the decline and extinction of the large herbivores that the saber-toothed cat hunted may have contributed to their extinction. Competition with humans and climate change are two other factors.



4. The Dodo-1662

The Dodo

The Dodo, an extinct wingless bird that lived in Mauritius, was about one meter tall and could weigh from 10 to 18 kg. The exact appearance of the Dodo remains a mystery as the only documentation we know comes from a variety of written and illustrated tales from the 17th century.

It is assumed that the bird lost its ability to fly due to the abundance of food (seeds, roots and falling fruits) and the absence of many predators.

The dodo was first mentioned by Dutch sailors in 1598. By sailors, their pets and exotics, the bird was hunted to extinction. The last confirmed sighting of a dodo was in 1662.

5. Steller’s Sea Cow-1768

Top 10 Extinct Animals - Stellers Sea Cow



Stellers Sea Cow is another Top 10 extinct animal in the world. The important herbivorous animal that is named after George Steller, a naturalist who found it in 1741. The inhabitants of the nearby islands, southwest of Alaska, and the Commander Islands in the Bering Sea are thought to were Steller sea cows, which reached heights of at least 8-9 meters and weights of 8-10 tons.

The mammal is believed to have been domesticated and spent much of its time eating kelp; this, along with the possibility that his large body was unable to overwhelm, may have made him vulnerable to human hunters. Steller’s sea cow was hunted to extinction just 27 years after it was discovered by Europeans.

6. Great Auk-1844

Top 10 Extinct Animals - Great Auk

A huge wingless bird found in the North Atlantic and as far north as Spain. It measured on average 75 to 85 cm and weighed about 5 kg. The great auk had a strong swimming ability, which allowed it to engage in underwater food hunting.

On the island of Eldey there was a last colony of penguins, but by 1835 all had perished. Three men caught the last of these birds in St Kilda, Scotland in 1844 and killed it.



They shot the penguin because they thought it was a witch who was responsible for the storm when a major storm surge occurred.

7. Top 10 Extinct Animals-Quagga-1883

Top 10 extinct animals-

The quagga is a mammal that is related to contemporary zebras and horses. It actually only has stripes on its head and neck, which fade as they get closer to the animal’s brownish hindquarters, giving it the appearance of a mix between a horse and a zebra.

Before being hunted to extinction in the 1870s, the quagga was native to the desert regions of South Africa. Throughout the 1880s, all animals kept as pets perished in Europe.

The quagga is an extinct animal with a few titles of fame. First, it was the first animal whose DNA was examined, revealing that the quagga was actually a subspecies of the plains zebra rather than a separate species.



The aptly named project also undertook an extensive breeding program for the quagga, the offspring of which was a foal born in 2005. The “recreated” quagga appears to closely resemble the extinct quagga, but DNA testing has not not yet confirmed if this animal is real.

8. Carrier Pigeon-1914

homing pigeon

The Passenger Pigeon ranks eighth in the Top 10 Extinct Animals. A bird with flocks so large it would take them days to travel overhead and darken the skies as they passed, stunned the early settlers of the New World.

Any farmer who had the misfortune to feed passenger pigeons would see their entire crop destroyed in seconds. Then, almost overnight, North America’s most common bird disappeared from the face of the earth.

An illustration of the direct confrontation between nature and man is the disappearance of the passenger pigeon. When the first Europeans arrived in America, there were an astonishing 3-5 billion people living there.



The New World, however, did not have enough room for both species. Due to ruthless hunting, deforestation, and other aspects of mankind’s ever-expanding range, homing pigeons were quickly wiped out. By 1914, the last known bird had already died out, with extinction not becoming apparent until the beginning of the 20th century.

9. Tasmanian Tiger-1936

tasmanian tiger

The huge carnivorous marsupial known as the Tasmanian tiger was native to Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea.

The animal, which had no relation to tigers and looked like a medium to large sized dog, weighed 30 kilograms and was over 2 meters long from nose to tail, but had dark stripes that gave it the appearance of a tiger.

It is thought to have been hunted to extinction, and bounty-based hunting was encouraged. However, disease, dog introductions, and human encroachment on its habitat are also possible causes.



Between 1910 and 1920, the last wild Tasmanian tiger was killed, while the last in captivity died in 1936 at Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.

10. Dolphin Baiji-2006

Top 10 Extinct Animals - Dolphin Baiji

Last on the list of top 10 extinct animals is the Baiji white dolphin.

Only the Yangtze River in China is home to the Baiji white dolphin, often known as the Chinese river dolphin. These creatures could reach a length of eight feet and a weight of a quarter of a ton.

Due to their tiny eyes and extremely poor eyesight, they had to rely on echolocation to travel and search for prey. After spending 20 million years in the Yangtze, their population declined rapidly from the 1950s.



The use of the river for hydropower, transportation, and fishing as China’s industrialization progressed had a significant impact on mammals. No one has spotted a Yangtze River dolphin since 2006, however, they are not officially considered extinct.

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Summary

Top 10 extinct animals

  1. Plesiosaur
  2. woolly mammoth-1650 BC
  3. saber-toothed cat-8000 BC
  4. The Dodo-1662
  5. Stellers Sea Cow –1768
  6. Great Penguin-1844
  7. Quagga-1883
  8. Homing pigeon-1914
  9. Tasmanian Tiger-1936
  10. Dolphin Baiji-2006
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